This may seem like an extreme statement to make, but, I personally believe it is Integral in portion to recreating America. Great Nations are known, by how well, they treat those they think the least of, not how they war against them. The case of reparations for American offspring, of slaves of African origins enslaved here in America, is still being made, as the affliction is still occurring. The case can be made that it never ended and wont until repaired.
Malcolm X – The Police and the Press
The press, inflames the white public against black people misrepresenting or demonizing black people. The police are then able to use it to paint the black community as a criminal element.
Ta-Nehisi Coates on The Case for Reparations
Ta-Nehisi Coates reignited a national conversation over reparations for African Americans with his 16,000-word cover story for the June issue of The Atlantic. The Case for Reparations argues that long after slavery ended, decades of racist policies and deliberate injustices – from Jim Crow to redlining – have continued to systematically wrong generations of African Americans, and “[u]ntil we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole”. Join the Institute of Politics, the Center of Race, Politics, and Culture, the Office of Multicultural Student Affairs, and the National Public Housing Museum as Ta-Nehisi Coates makes the case for reparations and why Chicago is central to his argument.
Michelle Alexander on The New Jim Crow, at Union Theological Seminary
The Vatican should be sued !
Dum Diversas papal bull on 18 June 1452
Dum Diversas [English: ‘Until different’] is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to “perpetual servitude. Pope Calixtus III reiterated the bull in 1456 with Inter Caetera (not to be confused with Alexander VI‘s), renewed by Pope Sixtus IV in 1481 and Pope Leo X in 1514 with Precelse denotionis. The concept of the consignment of exclusive spheres of influence to certain nation states was extended to the Americas in 1493 by Pope Alexander VI with Inter caetera.
“White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son”
The Case for Reparations
Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. Until we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole.
By our unpaid labor and suffering, we have earned the right to the soil, many times over and over, and now we are determined to have it.
— Anonymous, 1861
I. “So That’s Just One Of My Losses”
Clyde Ross was born in 1923, the seventh of 13 children, near Clarksdale, Mississippi, the home of the blues. Ross’s parents owned and farmed a 40-acre tract of land, flush with cows, hogs, and mules. Ross’s mother would drive to Clarksdale to do her shopping in a horse and buggy, in which she invested all the pride one might place in a Cadillac. The family owned another horse, with a red coat, which they gave to Clyde. The Ross family wanted for little, save that which all black families in the Deep South then desperately desired—the protection of the law.
Cop Says Police Officers Were Told To “Stop And Frisk” ALL BLACK MEN Of A Certain Age Range – (scrubbed from net)
Dum Diversas 1452. The reason why your parents were enslaved.
Government stereotyping African-Americans as violent
Communities across the US will likely feel the effects of the Ferguson grand jury ruling on the shooting death of Michael Brown, according to Dante Barry, executive director of the Million Hoodies Movement for Justice. Direct action measures are planned in cities from New York to Oakland, but don’t make the assumption that they will be violent.
Let us not forget the lofty idealistic goals set forth by those who preceded us, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” ~ Thomas Jefferson
We have yet to achieve President Jefferson’s idealistic goals, but correcting this behemoth wrong, atrocity, is one step in the correct direction and lies firmly in the healing properties of reparations, as the affliction will continue until repaired.
The first demand need be, to stop the onslaught being waged against the black population by law enforcement.
Ferguson October: Activists Call for Nationwide Convergence to Demand Justice for Michael Brown
Published on Oct 10, 2014
Demonstrations over the police killing of an unarmed teenager in St. Louis, Missouri, continued for a second night ahead of a national weekend of action in nearby Ferguson over the police killing of Michael Brown two months ago. Organizers have invited the Brown family to take part. Dr. Cornel West and actor Harry Belafonte are also among those expected to attend the events, which include a mass march and a planned act of civil disobedience. They will join local activists who have been calling for the arrest of police officer Darren Wilson, who killed Mike Brown; for the appointment of a special prosecutor in the case; and the firing of Ferguson Police Chief Thomas Jackson. We speak with three of the organizers who have been involved in the protests since the beginning: Tef Poe, a St. Louis rapper and activist; Tory Russell, an organizer with Hands Up United; and Ashley Yates, of Millennial Activists United. “The message that we’re sending to the system is that we’re not going to stop. We are resilient,” Poe says.
Ida B Wells: The Story of America’s First Black Female Investigative Journalist
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931) was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She documented lynching in the United States, showing how it was often a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites, often under the guise of rape charges. She was active in women’s rights and the women’s suffrage movement, establishing several notable women’s organizations. Wells was a skilled and persuasive rhetorician, and traveled internationally on lecture tours.
Ida Bell Wells was born a slave in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862, just before President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Her father was James Wells and her mother was Elizabeth “Lizzie” Warrenton Wells. Both parents were enslaved until freed under the Proclamation.
“The State of Young Black Men in America” – (scrubbed from net)
Legally Invalid: Ruth Bader Ginsburg and The Doctrine of Discovery
The Idealization and Demonization of Blacks: How it Affects Us –
Blacks in American society have been understood in either demonizing or idealizing ways as represented in society or the media. Some blacks are idealized for their “coolness”, sexuality, beauty and athleticism. On the other hand, others are demonized as being lazy, sexual monsters, ugly and animalistic. It seems that when a black person has something to offer – beauty, athleticism or entertainment – they are “forgiven” for being black.
This may seem like an extreme statement to make, however, I personally have heard such comments thrown my way. A couple weeks ago, an acquaintance told me she liked that I wasn’t like a typical black girl. In a “positive and reassuring” way, she informed me that I didn’t share the qualities she associates with most black people. She was under the impression these comments should make me feel good about myself. She wanted me to feel “accepted” in her white world because I didn’t fall under the black stereotypes she disliked.
As I write this, it sounds ludicrous to me. Yet, this was certainly not the first time I received comments like this from my peers. When I was younger, attending almost all white schools, I felt relieved to hear my friends didn’t consider me to be a typical black girl. However, as I’ve grown up, I cringe whenever people praise me for not being “black”. Because I fall under some idealized black qualities, I am “accepted”.
People tell me I am lucky to have “good hair” and light skin, implying anything but would be ugly. What these people don’t consider is that my mother is dark skinned with short, natural black hair. So, my peers and society are telling me to reject my mother for having these qualities and instead love my father for having pale skin and blue eyes.
This is essentially what they’re telling me in assuring me how “lucky” I am.
Demonization or Demonisation is the reinterpretation of polytheistic deities as evil, lying demons by other religions, generally monotheistic and henotheistic ones. The term has since been expanded to refer to any characterization of individuals, groups, or political bodies as evil.
Demonization – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
portray as wicked and threatening.
“seeking to demonize one side in the conflict”
“Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal rights of others. I do not add ‘within the limits of the law’ because law is often but the tyrant’s will, and always so when it violates the rights of the individual.”
NYPD Trauma Based Slave Training !
A Criminologist explains: Why black life is considered less valuable than white
How does implicit bias manifest itself in our daily lives?
The areas researchers have studied show that implicit bias can affect people’s decisions and their behavior toward people of other races. For example, a doctor with implicit racial bias will be less likely to recommend black patients to specialists or may recommend surgery rather than a less invasive treatment. Managers will be less likely to invite a black candidate in for a job interview or to provide a positive performance evaluation. Judges have been found to grant dark-skinned defendants sentences up to 8 months longer for identical offenses.
Implicit bias also affects how people act with people of another race. In spite of their conscious feelings, white people with high levels of implicit racial bias show less warmth and welcoming behavior toward black people. They will sit further away, and their facial expressions will be cold and withdrawn.
These same implicitly biased white people are also are more apt to view black people as angry or threatening and to predict that a black partner would perform poorly on a joint academic task. White people with stronger implicit bias against black people actually do perform poorly on a difficult task after interacting with a black person—suggesting that, without knowing it, they were challenged mentally by the effort of appearing non-biased.